Swiss Politics and Political Institutions (iMPA 2013)

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September 19 to October 11, 2013

Prof. Andreas Ladner


Switzerland has a quite unique political system which shapes both policies and politics. Starting with a brief glance at the history of country the students will get familiar with the most important pillars of the political system such as federalism, consensus democracy and direct democracy. Switzerland is a typical case of bottom-up executive federalism, with a long tradition of power sharing among the most important parties and far reaching means of direct democracy such as popular referendums and initiatives on all political levels. We will study together the functioning of these institutions and discuss actual challenges and reforms. Furthermore we will ask to what extent these institutions shape the behaviour of political actors and specific policies. A special emphasis is put on lower level units such as the cantons and the municipalities. And we will also have a look at the Swiss party system with its numerous parties.

1.      Society and History

2.   Federalism and Local Autonomy

3.      Government  and Parliament

4.      Direct Democracy

5.      Party system and political parties

6.      Voters and Elections


Klöti, Ulrich et al. (Hrsg.). Handbook of Swiss Politics. Zürich: Neue Zürcher Zeitung Publishing. 2nd edition.

Kriesi, Hanspeter and Alexander H. Trechsel (2008). The Politics of Switzerland. Continuity and Change in a Consensus Democracy. Cambridge: University Press.

Linder, Wolf (2010): Swiss Democracy, Possible Solutions to Conflict in Multicultural Societies, New York/London: Palgrave Macmillan. 3rd edition.

Linder, Wolf und Andrea Iff: The Swiss Political System. online or download pdf

Ladner, Andreas (2011). "Switzerland: Subsidiarity, Power Sharing and Direct Democracy", in: Loughlin, J., Hendriks, F., Lidström, A. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Local and Regional Democracy in Europe. pp.196-220.

Ladner, Andreas (2007). „Political Parties“, in: Klöti, Ulrich et al. (Hrsg.). Handbook of Swiss Politics. Zürich: Neue Zürcher Zeitung Publishing. 2nd edition. pp. 309-334.

Lijphart, Arend (1999). Patterns of Democracy. Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries. New Haven and London: Yale University Press (download) (download part two)



The Swiss Confederation a brief guide:

About Switzerland:

Swiss history in English:

Swiss history in Chinese:


Swiss politics in English:


Swiss politics in Chinese:


OECD: Governments at a Glance 2011:,3746,en_2649_33735_43714657_1_1_1_1,00.html


Program and Slides Morning
17.9.2013 1. Society and History (1)   Text Federalism (Vatter)
18.9.2013 2. Federalism (2) (3) Text Municipalities (Horber-Papazian)
24.9.2013 Swiss municipalities (4) (5) Text Government (Klöti)
25.9.2013 3. Government and Parliament (6) (7) Text Direct Democracy (Linder)
26.9.2013 4. Direct Democracy (8) (9)  
1.-3.10.2013 Group Work on "Patterns of Democracy" by Arend Lijphart (1999)     Part 1: Chapt. 1-3 (download)

Part 2: Chapt. 14-17 (download)

8.10.2013 Presentations (10)   Text Political Parties (Ladner)
9.19.2013 5. Party System and Parties (11)
10.10.2013 6. Citizens and Elections (12)   Selects 2011; ana